In the previous blog we touched on the subject of agriculture, fishing,livestock and other activities that are carried out in the desert, but we did not delve into its main actors. Agriculture is one of the activities with greater participation in the inhabitants of the desert, its permanence is due to the fact that it is characterized by being of the family type. That is, husband, wife and children participate in the necessary tasks of irrigation, sowing, maintenance and subsequent harvesting. But it is interesting to be able to highlight the importance of the role played by women (wives and daughters) who work the land and ensure the food security of their home….
It is necessary to begin these stories by giving a brief introduction of how the El Niño phenomenon impacts northern Peru. A surface mass of warm water enters the sea from the north of Peru and generates climatic anomalies such as the increase in sea temperature along with rains on the coast and in high Andean areas….
The Peruvian sea has a great variety of hydrobiological resources due to the outcrop and the convergence of the Humbolt current and the El Niño current along the coastal strip (Galarza & Kámiche, 2015). The historical tradition of artisanal fishermen plays an important role in the country’s economy since they contribute more than 80% of fresh fish consumed by all Peruvians….
Sechura is located on the north coast of Peru, in the region of Piura, it has an area of 6311.69 km2 and an average altitude of 15 meters above sea level.It is divided into six districts, which are: Sechura (Capital of the Province), Bellavista de La Unión, Bernal, Cristo Nos Valga, Rinconada de LLicuar and Vice (INEI, 2017)….
Within the framework of the project “Fishing and farming in the Desert, a platform to understand how to respond to the El Nino in the context of climate change in Sechura, Peru and with the aim of strengthening coordination activities with the communities surrounding the lagoons of Napique and La Niña in the Sechura Desert”….
Last week it was announced that the UK will be leading in post-El Niño Costero reconstructions in Peru https://elcomercio.pe/economia/peru/reino-unido-le-agradecio-al-peru-por-elegirlo-para-efectuar-las-obras-de-reconstruccion-con-cambios-nndc-noticia/. In the same week, Oliver Calle, the Peru-based coordinator for the ‘Farming and Fishing in the Desert’ AHRC and SFC GCRF funded research project oversaw the handover over of 12 computer tablets to students and families from Daniel Alcidez Carrion school in Mala Vida, Sechura….
In 2017 El Niño Costero devastated northern Peru.Outbreaks of malaria, dengue and zika infected hundreds of people and large-scale flooding resulted in loss of life, infrastructure, homes and livelihoods. However, the temporary lakes and lake-shores that emerged following El Niño have become important sources of fish and crops for local trade and consumption….